By Andrea Castillo – The Wassenaar Arrangement emerged in 1996 from a Cold War agreement to regulate the international arms trade. It is not a treaty, bound by force of law, but rather a voluntary pact between 41 major world nations, with the noticeable exceptions of China and Israel.
In 2013, the Wassenaar Arrangement created two new categories for official regulation: “IP network surveillance systems” (which includes the kind of technologies sold to state intelligence and law-enforcement agencies by cybersecurity mercenaries) and “intrusion software” (which includes both malware and “zero-day exploits” used to enter computer systems without detection).
If implemented, signatory nations would self-impose export controls limiting the selling or sharing of such information to licensed dealers and buyers within pre-approved countries.
Purely academic research, too, is under threat. The Electronic Frontier Foundation invokes the curious case of Grant Wilcox, a computer science student at the University of Northumbria whose dissertation on software exploits was censored due to Wassenaar rules. more> http://tinyurl.com/odxb23c
- The government is headed back to the drawing board over controversial cybersecurity export rules, Andrea Peterson, washingtonpost.com