Governing cities in ways that maximize economic and social opportunity—and minimize risks to the environment and social cohesion—will be the central challenge facing nearly all countries over the next century. Yet, urban governance in the 21st century is an increasingly complex enterprise.
At the same time, the world is getting more complicated and interconnected—trends such as climate change, globalization, the digital revolution, and increased pressures around migration affect all regions. These modern challenges often require solutions that are multi-disciplinary and adaptive, which cities are well positioned to model.
Yet, spend time in any city and you will quickly find that the understanding of how these governance networks actually work, even at the highest levels, is opaque at best.
Urban innovation won’t liberate us from fiscal constraints and debt burdens, and the flows of funding from national and regional governments to cities—for everything from education, to infrastructure, to social programs—remain difficult to map even for those leading city governments. more> http://goo.gl/235Rr0
- Want Economic Growth? Empty the Suburbs, Noah Smith, Bloomberg