By Orlando Esparza, Wilhelm Leichtfried, Fernando González – The CAN (Controller Area Network) bus protocol [2, 3] is used in a wide variety of applications, including industrial, automotive, and medical. Approximately 1.5B CAN nodes are used each year. Designers of these applications benefit from the many advantages CAN offers, such as reliability, cost effectiveness, engineering expertise and the availability of tools and components.
CAN FD (flexible data-rate) builds on the existing benefits of CAN 2.0 technology, allowing designers to leverage CAN 2.0 expertise, tools, hardware and software while also taking advantage of CAN FD’s increased data rate and data field length.
Automotive system architectures utilize many different network technologies to support a wide range of safety, body and convenience, infotainment, and ADAS (Advanced Driver Assistance Systems) [2, 3, 4, 5, 6] electronics within the automobile. Starting with the system gateway, CAN plays a major role in supporting many of these applications in today’s architectures.
CAN FD will continue to play a major role within future architectures. The key factor to supporting these architectures is enabling faster throughput at the gateway and branching it out into the subnetworks. Current CAN 2.0 gateways achieve ~37 s/MB transfer time based on a 500 kb/s (typical) data rate and an 8 byte data payload. Future CAN FD gateways are targeted to achieve ~1.9 s/MB based on a 5 Mb/s data rate and a 64 byte data payload. more> http://goo.gl/KncCsT
Posted in Broadband, Communication industry, Economic development, Education, Net, Product, Science, Technology, Transportation
Tagged ADAS, Broadband, Business improvement, CAN, Electronics, Internet, Technology
By Dexter Roberts – The Chinese Communist Party is now officially worried about mounting debt.
Liberal lending has been a part of the economy for years. The concerns arise now because the expansion of debt is approaching critical levels. In the years since China unleashed billions in loans to weather the global financial crisis of 2008, overall debt has grown from 164 percent of gross domestic product to 247 percent last year, Bloomberg Intelligence estimates.
Nonperforming loans could already be as high as 19 percent of loans outstanding and could rise to one-quarter, far higher than the official estimate of 1.67 percent, warns Francis Cheung, a strategist at brokerage CLSA. Potential losses could amount to as much as 9.1 trillion yuan ($1.4 trillion), or 13.5 percent of GDP, Cheung estimates.
China’s low rate of external borrowing, capital controls, and state ownership of the banks make it less vulnerable to a sudden loss of credit, says Louis Kuijs, head of Asia Economics at Oxford Economics in Hong Kong.
“People are still happy to put their money in the banks,” he says. “And liquidity drying up is what creates a financial crisis.” more> http://goo.gl/kG2sVN
Posted in Banking, Business, Economic development, Economy, History, Leadership, Media, Regulations
Tagged Banking reform, Capital, Debt, Financial crisis, Government, Regulations, Super regions