Daily Archives: June 9, 2020

What will it take to stand up again together? Start with accountablity

By Nancy Gibbs – Our nation is not healthy enough to handle this much pain. A cascade of crises has brought us to our knees and to the streets: a pandemic that locked us down and ravaged the population, especially communities of color; an economic convulsion that flattened small businesses and hurled 40 million people out of work; and the three horrific killings of unarmed black Americans during this spring of despair.

What will it take to end the pain, to stand up again together? Let’s start with accountability — an end to the impunity that defines our age.

The 21st century has been generous beyond belief to those who came to the table already set up for success. I count myself among them. We can shelter in place, take a hit to our routines and even our savings, and expect to recover. The pandemic has exposed how willing we as a nation are to send disproportionately black and brown “essential” workers out to do their jobs whether or not it is safe.

It has exposed the breathtaking speed with which our leaders will write trillion-dollar checks to protect corporate interests and shield financial markets. And it revealed the willingness of rich and comfortable companies to take as much as they can get. more>

We are Hong Kong

By Chris Patten – In my final speech as Hong Kong’s governor on June 30, 1997, a few hours before I left the city on Britain’s royal yacht, I remarked that “Now, Hong Kong people are to run Hong Kong. That is the promise. And that is the unshakable destiny.”

That promise was contained in the 1984 Joint Declaration, a treaty signed by China and the United Kingdom and lodged at the United Nations. The deal was clear, and the guarantee to Hong Kong’s citizens was absolute: the return of the city from British to Chinese sovereignty would be governed by the principle of “one country, two systems.” Hong Kong would have a high degree of autonomy for 50 years, until 2047, and would continue to enjoy all the freedoms associated with an open society under the rule of law.

But with his recent decision to impose a draconian new security law on Hong Kong, Chinese President Xi Jinping has ridden roughshod over the Joint Declaration and directly threatened the city’s freedom. Defenders of liberal democracy must not stand idly by.

For over a decade after the 1997 handover, China largely kept its promise regarding “one country, two systems.” True, not everything was perfect. China retreated from its promise that Hong Kong could determine its own democratic government in the Legislative Council, and the Chinese government periodically interfered in the life of the city. In 2003, for example, it abandoned an attempt to introduce legislation on issues such as sedition – an odd priority in a peaceful and moderate community – in the face of mass public protests.

Overall, however, even skeptics conceded that things had gone pretty well. But China-Hong Kong relations started to deteriorate after Xi became president in 2013 and dusted off the playbook of aggressive and brutal Leninism. Xi reversed many of his immediate predecessors’ policy changes, and the Communist Party of China reasserted control over every aspect of Chinese society, including economic management.

Xi toughened the party’s grip on civil society and universities, and cracked down on any sign of dissident activity. He demonstrated that his regime’s word could not be trusted internationally, for example by reneging on promises he had made to US President Barack Obama that China would not militarize the atolls and islands it was seizing illegally in the South China Sea. more>

Updates from Ciena

How to simplify today’s network for tomorrow’s demand
The traffic growth curve has always been steep, but the likes of 5G, IoT, and Edge Computing mean it’s going to get even more so. Today’s networks need to adapt, and here, Ciena’s Jürgen Hatheier, CTO for the EMEA region, points the way forward via the adoption of a new, holistic, end-to-end mindset, for a simplified network that’s automated, open, and lean.
By Jürgen Hatheier – It’s time to think differently. Constantly adding more and bigger hardware platforms to increase network capacity simply isn’t viable anymore from cost, power, space, and complexity viewpoints. Cost and complexity are particularly exacerbated when building and operating standalone networks for private line and Enterprise business services, 4G/5G mobile services, and residential broadband services.

Take a new approach. Click here to start your journey to a simplified network environment.

There is a better way.

An adaptive approach will eliminate complexity, provide analytics-driven network intelligence, and deliver programmable, on-demand scalability. It’s the only way to ensure you can offer differentiated services at the speed, performance, and cost levels your customers demand.

Here’s how it works:

  • A leaner, more cost-effective network
    Replace costly, complex legacy router platforms with simpler, streamlined Adaptive IPTM that sheds operational complexity associated with supporting obsolete and unrequired protocols, while providing the ones you do need, such as Segment Routing. This means you get the best possible use of all your network assets via a leaner and simpler network to own and operate on an ongoing basis.
  • Simplifies your management requirements
    With a simpler, leaner common network architecture, services are easier to deploy, manage, and maintain.
  • Scale your network – not your complexity
    By converging and simplifying your network, you open the door to greater scalability. As converged packet (Ethernet, MPLS, IP, SR) networking equipment seamlessly integrates the optical layer, it can scale programmatically to deliver 100G to 400G and beyond. This means you can maintain pace with your customers’ growing bandwidth demands in a quicker and far more efficient manner.

A holistic end-to-end networking approach allows you to meet growing traffic demands while simultaneously improving operational efficiency. Ciena’s Adaptive IP, with its programmable infrastructure, application-specific IP features, and intelligent automation, takes you to new levels of network scalability, performance, and control. more>


Updates from Chicago Booth

Think you’re not racist?
Research uncovers our secret prejudices, and ways to overcome them
By Alice G. Walton – It has been 50 years since the Civil Rights Act outlawed discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. The landmark legislation marked the end of the era of legalized racism. Now some affirmative action programs, created to encourage and promote diversity and the presence of underrepresented minorities, are being rolled back.

However, while overt racism may be on the wane in the US, research suggests it remains just below the surface. Very few people would admit to being biased, yet there’s strong evidence that biases continue, often under the level of our expression and of our awareness.

Ten years ago Marianne Betrand, Chris P. Dialynas Distinguished Service Professor of Economics at Chicago Booth, and Sendhil Mullainathan, then at MIT, published a famous study entitled, “Are Emily and Greg More Employable Than Lakisha and Jamal? A Field Experiment on Labor Market Discrimination,” in which 5,000 fictitious resumes were sent in response to 1,300 job postings in Chicago and Boston. The resumes were either “high quality” or “low quality,” varying in the typical things that set resumes apart—job and internship experiences, academic institutions, and languages spoken. Then, the team randomly assigned either a “white-sounding” name, such as Emily Walsh, or an “African American–sounding” name, such as Lakisha Washington, to each resume.

The results were unambiguous. White-sounding applicants got 50% more callbacks than African American–sounding candidates. This didn’t seem to be a matter of how common the names were or the apparent social status of the applicant, but simply a function of what the names suggested about the race of the fictional applicants.

Even more disturbingly, white applicants with higher-quality resumes had a strong advantage over their African American peers. The authors suggest that this makes it less enticing for African Americans to develop high-quality resumes, which makes hiring discrimination part of a destructive cycle. more> [VIDEO]