Dream Hoarders, Authors: Richard V Reeves.
Equality of What? Author: Amartya Sen.
One Another’s Equals, Author: Jeremy Waldron.
If You’re an Egalitarian, How Come You’re So Rich? Author: Gerald Cohen.
A Theory of Justice, Author: John Rawls.
Loving: Interracial Intimacy in America and the Threat to White Supremacy, Author: Sheryll Cashin.
The Wealth of Nations, Author: Adam Smith.
The Rise of the Meritocracy, Author: Michael Young.
Player Piano, Author: Kurt Vonnegut.
Hillbilly Elegy, Author: J D Vance.
By Richard V Reeves – Contemporary concerns over inequality are typically framed in economic terms. Income and wealth provide convenient gauges of the growing distance between the affluent and the rest. But there is a much deeper kind of inequality, caused not by a lack of resources, but by a lack of respect. You might be much richer or poorer than I am. But if we treat each other with mutual respect, we are, relationally speaking, equal.
Societies that are equal in terms of relations are those in which there is mutual respect, where – as the philosopher Philip Pettit put it in 2010, alluding to a line by John Milton – ‘free persons … can speak their minds, walk tall among their fellows, and look each other squarely in the eye’.
Look each other squarely in the eye. That’s the heart of it. If I lower my eyes out of deference, I render myself your inferior. Black slaves who dared look their owners in the eye could be whipped for ‘insolence’. If we consider ourselves morally worthier than someone else, we are said to ‘look down’ on them; and they likely notice. If we simply fail to look a person in the eye – my bus driver perhaps – the danger is we miss their basic humanity, their essential moral sameness, the basic equality that exists between us. And then I might throw an insult, or something much worse, at them. more>
Why corporate social responsibility can backfire
By Alina Dizik – As CSR has become ingrained in the workplace and even in some brands, researchers are finding drawbacks to how employees react to these initiatives.
More than 90 percent of the 250 largest global companies by revenue now publish detailed annual reports of their corporate-responsibility practices, according to KPMG’s 2017 survey of corporate-responsibility reporting.
So what are the problems?
For one thing, participating in a company’s CSR initiatives can lead to what researchers call moral self-licensing, where a positive action is offset by harmful behavior later on. In cases of moral licensing, company-sponsored social initiatives can trigger poor employee performance because doing good deeds in one area encourages the employee to behave unethically in another, according to research by List and University of Chicago postdoctoral scholar Fatemeh Momeni. more>
By Damian Carrington – Toxic air, water, soils and workplaces are responsible for the diseases that kill one in every six people around the world, the landmark report found, and the true total could be millions higher because the impact of many pollutants are poorly understood. The deaths attributed to pollution are triple those from Aids, malaria and tuberculosis combined.
Rich nations still have work to do to tackle pollution: the US and Japan are in the top 10 for deaths from “modern” forms of pollution, ie fossil fuel-related air pollution and chemical pollution. But the scientists said that the big improvements that have been made in developed nations in recent decades show that beating pollution is a winnable battle if there is the political will.
“The current figure of nine million is almost certainly an underestimate, probably by several million.”
This is because scientists are still discovering links between pollution and ill health, such as the connection between air pollution and dementia, diabetes and kidney disease. Furthermore, lack of data on many toxic metals and chemicals could not be included in the new analysis. more> https://goo.gl/N4hXpe
By John Kasich – The wake-up message is this: by exceeding the previous statutory debt limit and for the first time surpassing an unfathomable $20,000,000,000,000.
It’s the most alarming sign yet that our federal government is letting spending and debt put our ability to grow the economy at risk. As we’ve so often seen around the world, countries with the highest levels of government debt, in proportion to their economic output, struggle with weak growth and stagnant wages.
How is it that the federal government, unlike most other states and cities, any private business or – for that matter – any law-abiding citizen can get away with spending far, far more money than it takes in? That’s because our U.S. Constitution, for all its virtues, fails to put any restrictions on what the government spends. It’s like designing a high-speed sports car, but failing to install any brakes.
Today, as Washington fails to lead toward balancing the federal budget, states and their governors have a way to take control of the problem themselves. The U.S. Constitution offers an opportunity for grassroots action, empowering the states to trigger needed change.
Through this procedure, if 34 states call for a convention to pass an amendment to require a balanced federal budget, and that amendment is then approved by 38 states, we can finally bring fiscal accountability to the federal level. more> https://goo.gl/MpmznF
Dream Hoarders: How the American Upper Middle Class Is Leaving Everyone Else in the Dust, Why That Is a Problem, and What to Do About It, Author: Richard Reeves.
By Dwyer Gunn – The U.S., in other words, had fallen prey to the very thing it rebelled against in the first place: an immutable aristocracy.
Reeves explores the divide between the top 20 percent of Americans—who have benefited from a modern economy that rewards education and human capital—and everyone else. Upper-middle-class families, he writes, aren’t just distinguished by their high incomes; they’re also distinguished by higher levels of education, lower rates of non-marital childbearing, more stable family structures, and more intensive parenting practices.
These factors all add up to provide enormous advantages to these families, particularly the children. And while many of these practices, far from being unethical, are precisely the kinds of behaviors policymakers should encourage all parents to exhibit, Reeves highlights three specific ways in which he believes that upper-middle-class families are unethically and unfairly “rigging the market” in favor of their own progeny:
- exclusionary zoning practices,
- unfair practices around college admissions (including legacy policies), and
- an internship process that rewards well-connected children.
Reeves’ book proposes a number of reforms that could return America to a country of equal opportunity. more> https://goo.gl/dXyzeC
Check Vehicle Turning Paths in 3 Steps
Nothing to install. Just the vehicles and tools you need to analyze swept paths in seconds – all in your browser.
Evaluate the tightest turns at low speeds and determine if the vehicle can make the maneuver safely. AutoTURN Online can be used to simulate scenarios such as many cases like:
- Reversing an recreational vehicle
- Docking a trailer
- Navigating a roundabout
- Parking in a tight spot
A quick analysis performed directly on an aerial image can be very useful at the feasibility stage. Visualize the swept path for the vehicle body envelope, tire tracks, and safety clearances. more> autoturnonline.com
By Robert Reich – Donald Trump is such a consummate liar that in coming days and years our democracy will depend more than ever on the independent press – finding the truth, reporting it, and holding Trump accountable for his lies.
It is the two-step strategy of despots. And it’s already started. It was officially launched the first full day of the Trump administration.
- Step 1: Disparage the press and lie about them
- Step 2: Threaten to circumvent the press and take the “truth” directly to the people
Trump and his advisors – Steven Bannon, formerly of “Breitbart News” as well as Sean Spicer and others – understand that if a significant portion of the public trusts Trump’s own words more than they do the media’s, Trump can get away with saying – and doing – whatever he wants. When that happens, our democracy ends. more> https://goo.gl/NZ8D7w