Tag Archives: Crisis

The Overlapping Crises Of Democracy, Globalization And Global Governance

BOOK REVIEW

Gridlock: Why Global Cooperation is Failing when We Need It Most, Authors: Thomas Hale, David Held, Kevin Young.

By David Held – The crisis of contemporary democracy has become a major subject of political commentary. But the symptoms of this crisis, the vote for Brexit and Trump, among other things, were not foreseen. Nor were the underlying causes of this new constellation of politics.

The virtuous circle between deepening interdependence and expanding global governance could not last because it set in motion trends that ultimately undermined its effectiveness.

Why?

There are four reasons for this or four pathways to gridlock: rising multipolarity, harder problems, institutional inertia, and institutional fragmentation. Each pathway can be thought of as a growing trend that embodies a specific mix of causal mechanisms.

To manage the global economy, reign in global finance, or confront other global challenges, we must cooperate. But many of our tools for global policy making are breaking down or prove inadequate – chiefly, state-to-state negotiations over treaties and international institutions – at a time when our fates are acutely interwoven.

The result is a dangerous drift in global politics punctuated by surges of violence and the desperate movement of peoples looking for stability and security. more>

The Risk of a Constitutional Crisis in Britain

By Noah Feldman – What, exactly, is a constitutional crisis?

And equally fascinating, what would a constitutional crisis look like in the country that initiated the modern idea of the national constitution and yet still lacks a written one?

There is no official definition of a constitutional crisis — that in itself is a telling fact. In order to trigger one, a country usually has to be facing a situation in which its constitutional principles offer no clear, definitive answer to a pressing problem of governance.

Although constitutional uncertainty is a necessary condition for a crisis, it isn’t sufficient. For a situation to count as a crisis, powerful political actors, which can include large swaths of the population, have to signal that they are ready to press one course of action to its limits. Meanwhile, other comparably powerful actors have to be prepared to push the other way.

It’s worth remembering that Britain has the longest tradition in the world of resolving its potential constitutional confrontations relatively smoothly, without a written document. more> http://goo.gl/04w5mS

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