By T.J. Becker – Cities have been around for thousands of years, so urbanization is hardly a new phenomenon — but it’s happening now at an unprecedented pace.
In 1950 about 30 percent of the world’s population lived in cities, a number that shot up to nearly 55 percent by 2016 and is expected to hit 60 percent by 2030, according to United Nations statistics. This dramatic growth brings challenges on a variety of fronts, transforming “smart cities” from a catchy phrase into a critical endeavor.
“Smart cities is a highly complex area, encompassing everything from resiliency and environmental sustainability to wellness and quality of life,” said Elizabeth Mynatt, executive director of Georgia Tech’s Institute for People and Technology (IPaT) and distinguished professor in the College of Computing, who is co-chairing the new council. “Although Georgia Tech has been working in this area for some time, we’re organizing research so we can be more holistic and have combined impact.”
“Instead of discrete projects, we’re moving into a programmatic approach,” agreed Jennifer Clark, associate professor of public policy and director of Georgia Tech’s Center for Urban Innovation. “Smart cities research touches on everything from computing and engineering to the social sciences. It’s a different way of thinking about technology — not just in the private sector but also the public sector — so we make cities more efficient and economically competitive places.” more> https://goo.gl/DtKr9K
- Cosmos in the Cranium, Ben Brumfield
- Alzheimer’s: Killing the Mind First, Ben Brumfield
- It’s Gonna Be a Bright, Sunshiny Day, Péralte C. Paul
- Delta Officially Opens New Advanced Manufacturing Facility at Georgia Tech, Lance Wallace
- Climbing Stairs Just Got Easier with Energy-Recycling Steps, Jason Maderer
- Ants Build Sinking Eiffel Towers When Trying to Escape, Jason Maderer
- Meniscus-Assisted Technique Produces High Efficiency Perovskite PV Films, John Toon
- Unique 3-D Printed Models Could Improve Patient Outcomes in Heart Valve Replacements, Josh Brown
- Tiny “Tornado” Boosts Performance of Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectrometry, John Toon
- Microneedle Patches for Flu Vaccination Successful in First Human Clinical Trial, Holly Korschun
- Topsy-Turvy Motion Creates Light Switch Effect at Uranus, Jason Maderer
- Thwarting Metastasis by Breaking Cancer’s Legs with Gold Rods, Ben Brumfield
- Bacteria-Killing Virus Teams Up with Animal Immune Response to Cure Acute Infections, Joshua Weitz, Laurent Debarbieux, Dwayne Roach and Chung Yin (Joey) Leung
- Can eclipses still uncover surprises for 21st-century scientists? Renay San Miguel
- Georgia Tech Partners with USC for $6.8 Million DARPA Project, Albert Snedeker
Posted in Broadband, Business, Construction, Economic development, Economy, Education, Energy & emissions, Healthcare, History, Leadership, Nature, Net, Science, Technology, Transportation
Tagged Alzheimer, Brain, Cranium, energy-recycling stairs, Georgia Tech, Renewable energy, Smart City, Urbanization
Researchers Create 3-D Printed Tensegrity Objects Capable of Dramatic Shape Change
By Ke Liu, Jiangtao Wu, Glaucio H. Paulino, and H. Jerry Qi – A team of researchers from the Georgia Institute of Technology has developed a way to use 3-D printers to create objects capable of expanding dramatically that could someday be used in applications ranging from space missions to biomedical devices.
The new objects use tensegrity, a structural system of floating rods in compression and cables in continuous tension. The researchers fabricated the struts from shape memory polymers that unfold when heated.
“Tensegrity structures are extremely lightweight while also being very strong,” said Glaucio Paulino, a professor in Georgia Tech’s School of Civil and Environmental Engineering. “That’s the reason there’s a heavy amount of interest right now in researching the use of tensegrity structures for outer space exploration. The goal is to find a way to deploy a large object that initially takes up little space.” more> https://goo.gl/bVJHjf
- Boeing, Georgia Tech Unveil New Research Center, Laura Diamond
- Selfies: We Love How We Look and We’re Here to Show You, Jason Maderer
- Drug Design Strategy Boosts the Odds Against Resistance Development, John Toon
- Wildfires Pollute Much More Than Previously Thought, Ben Brumfield
- Robot Uses Deep Learning and Big Data to Write and Play its Own Music, Jason Maderer
- Mind Over Muscles: How the Brain Hinders Individual Muscle Control, Jason Maderer
- Rattling DNA Hustles Transcribers to Targets, Ben Brumfield
- New Computing System Takes Its Cues from Human Brain, Josh Brown
- Researchers Uncover New Instruction Manual to Repair Broken DNA, Drexel University
- New Transplant Technology Could Benefit Patients with Type 1 Diabetes, John Toon
- Social Media Study Identifies Mental Health Culture at Top-Ranked Campuses, Jason Maderer
- Gravitational Waves Detected, Confirmed for Third Time, Jason Maderer
- Startups Have a New Way to ‘Engage’ With Companies, Georgia Tech, Laura Diamond
Posted in Economic development, Economy, Education, Energy, Healthcare, Nature, Science, Technology
Tagged 3-D printing, Drug design, drug resistance, Georgia Tech, Research, Selfie, Tensegrity structures, Wildfire
Surprising twist in confined liquid crystals: A simple route to developing new sensors
By Karthik Nayani, Jinxin Fu, Rui Chang, Jung Ok Park, and Mohan Srinivasarao – To answer some fundamental questions pertaining to the material’s phase behavior, the researchers used the microscopes to observe the molecules’ textures when they were confined to droplets known as tactoids.
“Surprisingly, we found a configuration that hasn’t been seen before in the 70 years that people have been studying liquid crystals,” said Mohan Srinivasarao, a professor in the Georgia Tech School of Materials Science and Engineering. “Historically, liquid crystals in tactoids conform to what is known as a bipolar and a bipolar configuration with a twist. At lower concentrations, we found that these liquid crystals arrange in a concentric fashion, but one that appears to be free of a singular defect.”
The researchers then used a simple model of the aggregation behavior of these molecules to explain these surprising results. Further, spectroscopic experiments using polarized Raman microscopy were performed to confirm their findings.
These new findings add to the growing understanding of how chromonic liquid crystals could be used in sensing applications, Srinivasarao said. more> https://goo.gl/YVq0TE
- “First Arrival” Hypothesis in Darwin’s Finches Gets Some Caveats, John Toon.
- Controlling a Robot is Now as Simple as Point and Click, Jason Maderer
- Swarms of Autonomous Aerial Vehicles Test New Dogfighting Skills, John Toon
- Siemens Opens Innovation Center in Tech Square, Laura Diamond
- Behind the Iron Curtain: How Methane-Making Microbes Kept the Early Earth Warm, John Toon
- Georgia Tech Researcher Honored with Alan T. Waterman Award, John Toon
- When It Comes to Size, Sound Matters in Ads, Josh Brown
- New 3-D Printing Method Creates Shape-Shifting Objects, Josh Brown
- Women of Robotics, Jason Maderer
- Major League Machines
- Creating the Next in Robotics, Jason Maderer
- Georgia Tech, Virginia Tech, UVA Win at ACC InVenture Prize, Laura Diamond
- Warped Reality: virtual Trip to Hyperbolic Space, John Toon
- Hair Spacing Keeps Honeybees Clean During Pollination, Jason Maderer
- Exosomes Have a Sense of Urgency, Jerry Grillo
- Georgia Tech Launches Big IDEaS in Data Science, Jennifer Salazar
- The Perfect Patient, Stacy Braukman
New Projects Create a Foundation for Next-Gen Flexible Electronics
By Josh Brown – Four projects set to move forward at the Georgia Institute of Technology aim to lay the groundwork for manufacturing next-generation flexible electronics, which have the potential to make an impact on industries ranging from health care to defense.
Researchers at Georgia Tech are partnering with Boeing, Hewlett Packard Enterprises, General Electric, and DuPont as well other research institutions such as Binghamton University and Stanford University on the projects.
Flexible electronics are circuits and systems that can be bent, folded, stretched or conformed without losing their functionality. The systems are often created using machines that can print components such as logic, memory, sensors, batteries, antennas, and various passives using conductive ink on flexible surfaces. Combined with low-cost manufacturing processes, flexible hybrid electronics unlock new product possibilities for a wide range of electronics used in the health care, consumer products, automotive, aerospace, energy and defense sectors.
“Flexible electronics will make possible new products that will help us address problems associated with food supply, clean water, clean energy, health, infrastructure, and safety and security,” said Suresh Sitaraman, a professor in the George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, who is leading Georgia Tech’s flexible electronics activities. more> https://goo.gl/qjx3UT
- CauteryGuard Wins the InVenture Prize, Laura Diamond
- Empathy from the Sick May be Critical to Halting Disease Outbreaks, John Toon
- China’s Severe Winter Haze Tied to Climate Change, John Toon
- From the Butterfly’s Wings to the Tornado: Predicting Turbulence, Ben Brumfield
- Radiation from Nearby Galaxies Helped Fuel First Monster Black Holes, Says Study, Jason Maderer
- Stem Cell Treatment May Restore Vision to Patients with Damaged Corneas, Charlene Betourney
- New Nanofiber Marks Important Step In Next Generation Battery and Water Electrolysis Development, Josh Brown
- Understanding What’s Happening Inside Liquid Droplets, John Toon
- Brake Dust May Cause More Problems Than Blackened Wheel Covers, Josh Brown
- Study Reveals Complication Predictors in Children with Crohn’s Disease, Crohn’s & Colitis Foundation
- Chiral Metamaterial Produces Record Optical Shift Under Incremental Power Modulation, John Toon
- Once Overlooked, Uninitialized-Use ‘Bugs’ May Provide Portal for Hacker Attacks, Ben Snedeker
- Triboelectric Nanogenerators Boost Mass Spectrometry Performance, John Toon
- How Protein Misfolding May Kickstart Chemical Evolution, Carol Clark
- Howard Chosen for Atlanta Magazine Honor, Jackie Nemeth
- Letting the Structure Do the Work, Massimo Ruzzene
- Study sheds light on key role for ‘rare’ aquatic microbes in dealing with pollution, balancing ecosystems, Kostas T. Konstantinidis
- Danger in the air? Brown wins NSF CAREER grant to find out, Joe Brown
Posted in Broadband, Business, Communication industry, Economic development, Economy, Education, Energy & emissions, Healthcare, Nature, Product, Science, Technology, Transportation
Tagged Broadband, Business improvement, Climate change, Ecology, Georgia Tech, Health, Internet, Manufacturing, Technology
Four-Stroke Engine Cycle Produces Hydrogen from Methane and Captures CO<sub2
By John Toon – When is an internal combustion engine not an internal combustion engine? When it’s been transformed into a modular reforming reactor that could make hydrogen available to power fuel cells wherever there’s a natural gas supply available.
By adding a catalyst, a hydrogen separating membrane and carbon dioxide sorbent to the century-old four-stroke engine cycle, researchers have demonstrated a laboratory-scale hydrogen reforming system that produces the green fuel at relatively low temperature in a process that can be scaled up or down to meet specific needs. The process could provide hydrogen at the point of use for residential fuel cells or neighborhood power plants, electricity and power production in natural-gas powered vehicles, fueling of municipal buses or other hydrogen-based vehicles, and supplementing intermittent renewable energy sources such as photovoltaics.
Known as the CO2/H2 Active Membrane Piston (CHAMP) reactor, the device operates at temperatures much lower than conventional steam reforming processes, consumes substantially less water and could also operate on other fuels such as methanol or bio-derived feedstock. It also captures and concentrates carbon dioxide emissions, a by-product that now lacks a secondary use – though that could change in the future.
Unlike conventional engines that run at thousands of revolutions per minute, the reactor operates at only a few cycles per minute – or more slowly – depending on the reactor scale and required rate of hydrogen production. And there are no spark plugs because there’s no fuel combusted. more> https://goo.gl/h4K7fV
- Likelihood of Dieting Success Lies Within Your Tweets, Ben Snedeker
- New Partnership to Advance Production Standards in Biomanufacturing, Josh Brown
- Simulated Ransomware Attack Shows Vulnerability of Industrial Controls, John Toon
- DNA “Barcoding” Allows Rapid Testing of Nanoparticles for Therapeutic Delivery, John Toon
- Size Matters for Marine Protected Areas Designed to Aid Coral, John Toon
- Cholera Bacteria Stab and Poison Enemies so Predictably, Ben Brumfield
- Looking for Entangled Atoms in a Bose-Einstein Condensate, John Toon
- Team Demonstrates Digital Health Platform for Department of Veterans Affairs, John Toon
- Eating in the blink of an eye, Jason Maderer
- Internet of Things Center Continues to Grow, Make Global Impact, Lance Wallace
- Weaver Wins JDRF Fellowship
- Trio of Petit Institute labs link tendon overuse injury to degenerative changes in shoulder cartilage, Jerry Grillo
- Liquid Assets, Erin Peterson
Posted in Broadband, Business, Communication industry, EARTH WATCH, Economic development, Economy, Education, Energy & emissions, Healthcare, Nature, Science, Technology
Tagged Broadband, Business improvement, Climate change, Cybersecurity, Georgia Tech, Health, Manufacturing, Physics, Technology
The Health Informatics Revolution
By John Toon – Using massive data sets, machine learning, and high-performance computing, health analytics and informatics is drawing us closer to the holy grail of health care: precision medicine, which promises diagnosis and treatment tailored to individual patients. The information, including findings from the latest peer-reviewed studies, will arrive on the desktops and mobile devices of clinicians in health care facilities large and small through a new generation of decision-support systems.
“There are massive implications over the coming decade for how informatics will change the way care is delivered, and probably more so for how care is experienced by patients,” said Jon Duke, M.D., director of Georgia Tech’s Center for Health Analytics and Informatics.
“By providing data both behind the scenes and as part of efforts to change behavior, informatics is facilitating our ability to understand patients at smaller population levels. This will allow us to focus our diagnostic paths and treatments much better than we could before.”
Georgia Tech’s health informatics effort combines academic researchers in computing and the biosciences, practitioners familiar with the challenges of the medical community, extension personnel who understand the issues private companies face, and engineers and data scientists with expertise in building and operating secure networks tapping massive databases.
“It takes all of these components to really make a difference in an area as complex as health informatics,” said Margaret Wagner Dahl, Georgia Tech’s associate vice president for information technology and analytics.
“This integrated approach allows us to add value to collaborators as diverse as pharmaceutical companies, health care providers, large private employers, and federal agencies.” more> https://goo.gl/63pIZd
- Climate Change: Potentially Good News on Methane and Peat Carbon, R.M. Wilson, J.P. Chanton, et al.
- Construction Begins on Transformational Coda Project, Laura Diamond
- Georgia Tech to Play Key Role in New Federally-Funded Chemical Processing Initiative, Lance Wallace
- ‘Spooky’ Sightings in Crystal Point to Extremely Rare Quantum Spin Liquid, Ben Brumfield
- Simple Processing Technique Could Cut Cost of Organic PV and Wearable Electronics, John Toon
- White House Highlights Georgia Tech-Created Computer Science Teaching Tool, Jason Maderer
- Manufacturing comes to Life, Josh Brown
- Composite Repairs Revisited, Josh Brow
- 3-D Printing Gets a Heart, Josh Brown
- Legacy Equipment Learns New Tricks, Josh Brown
- A Honey of an Idea, Shelley Wunder-Smith
- See the Unseen, Josh Brown
- Genomics Technique Could Accelerate Detection of Foodborne Bacterial Outbreaks, John Toon
- $17 Million Contract Will Help Establish Science of Cyber Attribution, John Toon
- Hybrid Approach Predicts and Confirms Structure of Complex Metal Nanoparticles, Brian E. Conn, Aydar Atnagulov, Bokwon Yoon, Robert N. Barnett, Uzi Landman, Terry P. Bigioni
- Secret Phenotypes: Disease Devils in Invisible Details, Ben Brumfield
- Actually, Men and Women Don’t Communicate Differently, at Least In Writing, Jason Maderer
- Catching Molecular Dances in Slow Motion by Adding White Noise, Ben Brumfield
- Noninvasive Visual Stimulation May Illuminate a Path for Alzheimer’s Disease Treatment, Walter Rich
- The Gift of Investment, Michael Baxter
Posted in Broadband, Business, Economic development, Economy, Education, Healthcare, Leadership, Media, Nature, Net, Science, Technology
Tagged Broadband, Business improvement, Climate change, Earth, Electronics, Georgia Tech, Industrial economy, Manufacturing, Physics
Welcome to the Robot Zoo
By Lyndsey Lewis – Buoyed by growing interest in the field, the Institute’s robotics research has earned accolades around the world, and a few robots have become stars themselves.
But robots are expensive, and not every aspiring engineer can work in the gilded labs of Georgia Tech. And that’s where Egerstedt, the Schlumberger Professor in the School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, comes in.
About a year ago, he had an idea: What if he could break the barriers that keep people out of his field by building a robotics playground for everyone? He mulled over the logistics and, after persuading a few professors and Ph.D. students to join him, he planned the Robotarium.
If all goes according to his designs, the Robotarium will become Georgia Tech’s robot zoo, a home to machines of all shapes and sizes. They’ll be accessible to anyone in the world, which means remote users will be able to upload their own code, run their own experiments, and test their own ideas. more> https://goo.gl/fZjr5F
- Data Driven, T. J. Becker
- Cyber Forged, Rick Robinson
- Shaking a sleeping BOG monster, Ben Brumfield
- Next generation genius, Ben Brumfield
- Emerson Opens The Helix Innovation Center at Georgia Tech, Laura Diamond
- AVIA Provides Systematic Test and Evaluation for Autonomy Systems, John Toon
- Team of Robots Learns to Work Together, Without Colliding, Jason Maderer
- Georgia Tech Will Receive $13.5 Million to Continue Support for Manufacturers, John Toon
- Popular Science Puts Georgia Tech’s Will Ratcliff on ‘Brilliant 10’ List, Ben Brumfield
- Climate Change May Extend Ozone Season in the Southeastern U.S., John Toon
- Carbon Molecular Sieve Membranes Cut Energy Use in Hydrocarbon Separations, John Toon
- How Mechanical Force Triggers Blood Clotting at the Molecular Scale, John Toon
- Researchers Develop a Low-power Always-on Camera With Gesture Recognition, Josh Brown
- Mannino has Real Skin in the Game, Jerry Grillo
- Looking for the Origin of Life Inside a 4 Billion-Old Molecular Machine, Loren Williams
- Engineering for Maximum Impact, Michael Baxter
Posted in Broadband, Business, Communication industry, Economic development, Economy, Education, Net, Product, Science, Technology
Tagged Broadband, Electronics, Georgia Tech, Industrial economy, Internet, Manufacturing, Productivity, Technology