Preparing Markets for Russian Financial Retaliation

Manipulating or disrupting international financial markets would be a risky move. Putin’s Russia has shown remarkable risk tolerance though, and could feel further emboldened by its ability until now to weather Western reaction—or lack thereof—to brazen moves such as murdering enemies in Britain or tilting the U.S. electoral field.

Moreover, visibly standing up to Western pressure and wrong-footing the “main enemy” (aka, the United States) remains a key element of Putin’s popular appeal and elite support.

The Russian intelligence and security services have already demonstrated their ability and willingness to disrupt other countries’ financial systems, as well as interest in collecting on—at least—U.S. banks and other economic actors. Kremlin-orchestrated cyber operations have disrupted the financial systems of Estonia (2007), Georgia (2008), and Ukraine (2017) with impunity—reflecting in part the continuing difficulty of establishing unambiguous attribution for on-line operations.

Meanwhile, deep-cover agents of the SVR, Russia’s foreign intelligence service, have been tasked to collect on topics ranging from high-speed trading tactics on the New York Stock Exchange to the gold market.

Source: Preparing Markets for Russian Financial Retaliation

Industrial IoT: How Smart Alerts and Sensors Add Value to Electric Motors | Chip Design

Electric motors come in all sizes, from very small to very large. They usually run on main power, but sometimes on batteries, like in electric cars. We all have many electric motors in our homes—in our vacuum cleaners, fridges, freezers, garage door openers. And, of course, many toys have miniature electric motors, like the locomotives in model trains.

Factories are also equipped with many electric motors used for all kinds of jobs: lifting, pressing, pumping, sucking or drying—basically everything that can be done with motion. Electric motors are the workhorses of industry today. They’re also used in areas that are too dusty, dangerous, or difficult to reach by human effort. In short, modern industrial life doesn’t exist without the electric motor.

With the IoT, every electric motor on a factory floor is equipped with one or multiple sensors that are connected (preferably wirelessly) to a control database that continuously collects data about the motors. The control database can use artificial intelligence (AI) to learn normal behavior for every motor and then, after a typically short period of learning, it can generate immediate alerts when deviations from that normal occur.

In other words, the IoT combined with AI not only sees problems coming, it continuously scans for problems.

Source: Industrial IoT: How Smart Alerts and Sensors Add Value to Electric Motors | Chip Design

Future cyber warfare: protecting the grid | Military & Aerospace Electronics

A quarter-century later, the United States continues to seek technological superiority. Laser weapons, artificial intelligence, cyber warfare , and unmanned systems — the very stuff of sci-fi movies — are within our grasp. Unfortunately, such advances do not provide the comfort level they previously did.

Unlike the hapless Iraqi Army circa 1991, today’s potential threats and adversaries have the means to respond.

Gulf War-era technological advantages like night vision and GPS are becoming commonplace.

Source: Future cyber warfare: protecting the grid – Military & Aerospace Electronics

The Day Of The Unmanned Ship Is Dawning

Governments around the world are looking into unmanned shipping as a way to move more cargo to sea in order to contain the spiraling costs of road maintenance caused by heavy truck traffic, not to mention air pollution.

Norway is one of the countries taking a lead in exploring this issue: Norwegian distribution and transportation companies need to be able to bridge the country’s many fjords and sea passages in order to ease transit, and cost is a key consideration in this.

In 2016, Norwegian government agencies and industry bodies established the Norwegian Forum for Autonomous Ships (NFAS) to promote the concept of unmanned shipping and, in support of these efforts, the Norwegian government has turned Trondheim Fjord into a test bed for autonomous ship trials.

Other nations, most notably Finland and Singapore, are pursuing similar goals.

Source: The Day Of The Unmanned Ship Is Dawning

Fix Human Driving’s Distraction Problem First | EE Times

.. the commentary about the Uber and Tesla accidents overlooks a crucial comparison: Human drivers have short attention spans, slow reaction times and good situational awareness; AI computers have infinite attention spans, fast reaction times and poor situational awareness. It doesn’t matter how many tens of thousands of dollars of sensors and GPUs are fitted to an autonomous vehicle if the AI software cannot understand the context of what it sees and react accordingly.

The Uber crash footage presents this issue both graphically and tragically. Autonomous driving thus has a software problem and human driving a distraction problem–which of these can be solved first is the trillion dollar question.

Source: Fix Human Driving’s Distraction Problem First | EE Times

B’com Shifts Switch to 12.8 Tbits/s | EE Times

Broadcom is sampling a 12.8 Tbit/second Ethernet switch chip targeting large data centers. The news shows the company continues to set the pace for a growing pack of competitors angling for a piece of one of the most demanding markets in networking.

Broadcom dominates the market today with a 73 to 94 percent share, depending on how market watchers slice the sector valued at nearly a billion dollars. Its closest rival, Cisco Systems, takes most of the rest with systems using its own ASICs. Juniper, Hewlett Packard Enterprise and Huawei also make Ethernet switch ASICs for their systems.

Increasingly the dozen largest data center operators — including the likes of Facebook and Google — build their own switch systems or specify systems built by ODMs. They can drive sales of millions of chips a year but demand maximum bandwidth at minimum cost and power consumption.

Source: B’com Shifts Switch to 12.8 Tbits/s | EE Times

Event-Driven Vision Comes Aboard | EE Times

Capturing “events” in images by using a bio-inspired approach sounds not just cool but downright futuristic. But how many developers have actually witnessed event-based machine vision technology at work?

Most developers have heard or read about it, and they might be curious. But they‘re stuck on the sideline without hands-on experience with novel non-frame-based machine vision technology.

Prophesee, a Paris-based startup, wants these spectators in the game. The company is rolling out this week a first-of-its- kind reference system for vision system developers to try, test and understand how neuromorphic vision works.

Source: Event-Driven Vision Comes Aboard | EE Times

Switch Chip Startup Snags $77 Million | EE Times

The round closes as Innovium announced it is sampling its 12.8 and 6.4 Terabit/second switches aimed at large data centers. The funds will be used in part to ramp production of the chips and fuel their road map.

The news comes four months after Broadcom announced its own 12.8 Tbit/s switch, the Tomahawk-3. Market watchers say Broadcom commands a 73 to 94 percent share of the $1 billion market for Ethernet switch chips. Its closest rival, Cisco Systems, takes most of the rest with systems using its own ASICs.

Innovium is one of seven semiconductor startups and established companies angling for a slice of Broadcom’s business. Others include Barefoot, Cavium, China’s Centec, Marvell, Mellanox and Nephos.

Source: Switch Chip Startup Snags $77 Million | EE Times

Who’s the Lidar IP Leader? | EE Times

As the race for better lidar heats up, the inevitable question is: Who’s the lidar leader? One way to find out is to look at lidar-related patents filed.

Knowmade, one of Yole’s group companies that specializes in IP analysis and patent assessment, recently examined lidar devices and systems for automotive. Knowmade identified more than 6,480 lidar-related patent families for automotive.

Source: Who’s the Lidar IP Leader? | EE Times

Building a Tech Nation | EE Times

.. more important than talent drain, the absence of a strong engineering base means that a country would remain stuck as a net user of technology rather than producer. It means that the country would be absent at the table where future technology standards are set, supply chains shaped, and long-lasting structural advantages concretized.

Indeed, much of world history proves that, over the long run, not only are producer nations principal drivers of economic growth, they also reap most of the rewards.

In an article for national newspaper Público in 1998, José Franca, former Secretary of State for Education of Portugal, called this power hierarchy a technology league of nations and advocated that Portugal’s industrial policies ought to facilitate the nation’s rise as a technology-producing powerhouse by nurturing an agile, outward-looking, but indigenous research and design talent base.

Source: Building a Tech Nation | EE Times