The Earth is, in some ways, in a precarious spot in the solar system.
There’s a range of orbital distances inside which a planet can have both liquid surface water (which is believed to be necessary for life) and enough atmospheric CO2 to carry on photosynthesis. This range is called the photosynthesis habitable zone.
The Earth orbits barely within the sun’s zone.
Some scientists estimate that the inner edge lies just 7.5 million kilometers away, which is only 5 percent of the distance between the Earth and the sun.
Source: If Humans Can Upload Our Consciousness Into Robots, We Might Survive the Sun’s Growing Heat
STEM outreach activities are a great way to get students excited and interested in subject areas that are often deemed challenging by making them relatable to real-life situations.
One of the things I love most is seeing the “light bulb” turn on in students’ heads the moment they understand a concept through hands-on learning.
Participating in outreach activities also allows me to tap into my creative side because it requires me to come up with innovative ways to explain complex topics.
Source: Strengthening the STEM Workforce Pipeline Through Outreach | NIST
The error occurs when measuring very small flows of exotic gas mixtures.
Small gas flows occur during chemical vapor deposition (CVD), a process that occurs inside a vacuum chamber when ultra-rarefied gases flow across a silicon wafer to deposit a solid film. CVD is widely used to fabricate many kinds of high-performance microchips containing as many as several billion transistors.
CVD builds up complex 3D structures by depositing successive layers of atoms or molecules; some layers are only a few atoms thick.
A complementary process called plasma etching also uses small flows of exotic gases to produce tiny features on the surface of semiconducting materials by removing small amounts of silicon.
Source: Helping the Microchip Industry Go (Very Low) with the Flow | NIST
“Current standards and codes focus on preserving lives by reducing the likelihood of significant building damage or structural collapse from hazards,” said Steven McCabe, director of the NIST-led, multiagency National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program (NEHRP) and one of the authors of the new publication.
“But they generally don’t address the additional need to preserve quality of life by keeping buildings habitable and functioning as normally as possible, what we call ‘immediate occupancy.’ The goal of our report is to put the nation on track to achieve this performance outcome.”
The impact of a natural hazard on a community is usually most evident in the lives lost and physical destruction, but the accompanying economic shock, social disruptions and reduced quality of life can often be devastating as well.
Source: NIST Details Steps to Keep Buildings Functioning After Natural Hazards | NIST
A European Union bank has lent Nokia €500 million to help it develop 5G technology – twice as much as Ericsson won from the same institution in May 2018.
The EIB said the Nokia loan “will support a key European technology provider that invests heavily in research, development and innovation in an area which can produce enabling technologies for innovation and growth in Europe.”
Source: Capacity Media – global telecoms news, events and community
Keeping data center infrastructure ahead of rapidly increasing demands can get expensive.
Real-time analytics, 5G connectivity, IoT, and Artificial Intelligence (AI) drive growth, but all this innovation is also pushing data centers to improve at a similar pace. For data centers, innovation brings a massive influx of data, shifting requirements, and insatiable business requirements.
Data centers must flex while also meeting workload expectations, staying within an operating budget, maintaining efficiency, and leveraging innovation for a competitive edge within the data services market.
The rise of hyperscale data centers, driven by big data, IoT, and AI, has massive networking loads supporting a considerable number of external and diverse clients. Hyperscale data centers illustrate the need for more efficient and flexible use of massive amounts of resources.
Source: Device Lending Enables Composable Architecture (pdf)
A team from the University of Colorado Boulder have developed a new material that can transform into complex, pre-programmed shapes through light and temperature stimuli that could be used in a number of applications.
“The ability to form materials that can repeatedly oscillate back and forth between two independent shapes by exposing them to light will open up a wide range of new applications and approaches to areas such as additive manufacturing, robotics and biomaterials,” Christopher Bowman, senior author of the new study and a Distinguished Professor in CU Boulder’s Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering (CHBE), said in a statement.
Source: Shape Changing Material Can Return to Its Original Form
The Hype Cycle is based on a simple premise, first outlined by futurist Ray Amara: “We tend to overestimate the effect of a technology in the short run and underestimate the effect in the long run.”
To that end, the cycle features five stages:
- Innovation Trigger
- Peak of Inflated Expectations
- Trough of Disillusionment
- Slope of Enlightenment
- Plateau of Productivity
Source: These Are the Most Hyped Technologies of 2018 | Design News
Iridium Communications signed a letter of intent with smart shipping provider Rolls-Royce Marine (RRM), in support of their autonomous vessel development program. Through this arrangement, RRM and Iridium will work together to explore incorporating Iridium’s next-generation L-band satellite broadband service, Iridium Certus, into the RRM suite of ship intelligence solutions.
RRM’s solutions deliver multifaceted enhancements to ships, enabling remote diagnostics, operations, and performance monitoring capabilities.
Source: Iridium, Rolls-Royce Marine to Expand Autonomous Vessel Capabilities – Via Satellite –
.. If the intentions were right, these things would come about by their own accord.
“That’s the complex nature of product design in a large corporation. That’s really it. You’re serving your customer, you’re serving the interest of the company, and you’re serving the interest of you, of your ethics as a designer. It’s really complicated, designing for a corporation. I think it’s very easy for people to dismiss Apple and say that it’s not doing the right thing. It’s a balancing act and it’s really tough.”
Source: iPhone interface designer Imran Chaudhri on Apple’s flaws