In this Special Project, we take a broad view of the role of sensors in the overall Industrial IoT system architecture, including their role in Industry 4.0 and the Smart Factory of the future.
A more important limit is that cellular doesn’t go everywhere. As long as we are just talking about entertainment, that’s not a serious issue. When we are talking about not dying, it’s a different conversation.
As cars become increasingly autonomous, the challenges to connectivity rise. Fully autonomous cars will need incredibly accurate and up-to-date maps to supplement their vision systems. They will need to connect with each other to signal their intentions. And they will need massive software updates as frequently as your mobile phone or tablet, especially in the early days of the technology. Without those updates, the autonomous vehicle could rapidly become a collection of bugs on wheels.
.. the roll-out of 5G will be a decades-long affair during which the mobile network will continue running standards from 2G up to 4G LTE under the 5G umbrella.
In late August, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) proposed rolling back 2021-2026 Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) requirements, effectively holding them at 2020 levels.
At the time, they probably didn’t expect much pushback from Detroit’s automakers.
They certainly didn’t expect that on October 26, the last day for public comments, General Motors would propose “…the establishment of a National Zero Emissions Vehicle (NZEV) program to support a 50-state solution, promote the success of the U.S. automotive industry, and preserve U.S. industrial leadership for years to come.”
Interfacing active devices with biology in 3D printing could impact a variety of fields, from regenerative bioelectronics and smart prosthetics to biomedical devices and human-machine interfaces.
Researchers at the University of Minnesota are exploring 3D printing with biology from the molecular scale of DNA and proteins to the macroscopic scale of tissues and organs.
The goal is to print three-dimensional biological material that is soft and stretchable as well as temperature sensitive.
IIoT communication has a number of complicating factors: the convergence of IT and OT technologies, along with technical requirements including network latency, jitter, reliability, and availability.
Networks must meet application performance requirements, which can be very different, depending on technical needs of specific systems.
Smart cities are a concept similar to smart homes but scaled to the metropolitan level.
Sensors, cameras, and smart meters are some of the many embedded devices you find in smart cities. These devices are coupled with business intelligence and analytics software that help cities make better decisions aimed at improving the quality of life for residents while reducing cost and minimizing waste.
The smart city movement already boasts a number of success stories. For example, according to the Smart Cities Council, the City of Calgary was able to use a data-driven approach to predict and mitigate floods.
Moving forward, AI may be able to push the smart cities movement even further into the future.
At the heart of AI technology is the ability to capture data inputs and “learn” from those inputs. A city full of embedded devices will be able to provide a wealth of data allowing AI to help cities solve real world problems, potentially before the problem even occurs.
Rather than teaching students just computer science or SoC design alone, David Atienza, professor and director of Embedded Systems Laboratory at EPFL, came to EPFL (École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne) a decade ago intent on training students who will be eventually versed in both hardware and software.
This “full-stack” approach was so new 10 or 12 years ago that most academic institutions — tied to traditional curricula — balked at Atienza’s ideas. EPFL, however, rolled the dice.
As Atienza sees the world of electronics, here’s the lay of the land. Over the last few decades, chip designers and software developers have gotten used to doing their own thing — independent of one another — with the former just focused on their own hardware designs and the latter on software development. Atienza sees a widening of the gap between two communities increasingly decoupled.
The global Internet of Things (IoT) market is slated to grow to $8.9 trillion by 2020. IoT segments in the B2B sector alone will generate more than $300 billion annually by 2020, according to Bain & Company.
These figures attest to IoT’s enormous potential —– and with more than 11 billion connected things projected to be in use this year, that potential is already being realized.
But the promise of IoT is not without risk. Hackers have exploited connected devices to mine cryptocurrency and launch high-profile cyberattacks, fostering public distrust and generating regulatory scrutiny that could ensnare a wide range of stakeholders.
After about a year, the U.S. Air Force is extending its smart base pilot program at Maxwell-Gunter Air Force Base, Montgomery, Ala. The effort takes advantage of Internet of Things (IoT) technologies and applies the smart city concept to the base. The lessons learned at Maxwell likely will be applied to Air Force bases around the world.
AT&T announced last April that it was partnering with the Air Force on the smart base concept.
The company has been installing and integrating network-connected sensors into the everyday operations of the base. The intent was to create proof-of-concept demonstrations of smart perimeters, gate monitoring, notifications, fleet management and more in an effort to increase security, efficiency and effectiveness.
We are now in the dawn of the Fourth Industrial Revolution — or “Industry 4.0.”
From mechanization of production in the first industrial revolution to mass production in the second, and automation of production in the third, the concept of digitizing everything forms the basis of how the Fourth Industrial Revolution is influencing and impacting the world.
Machine learning, Artificial Intelligence (AI), Internet of Things (IOT), and other advanced technologies are rapidly revolutionizing and reshaping infrastructure, global-local economies and possibilities for future generations.
“The speed of current breakthroughs has no historical precedent. When compared with previous industrial revolutions, the Fourth is evolving at an exponential rather than a linear pace.
Moreover, it is disrupting almost every industry in every country,” writes Professor Klaus Schwab, author of The Fourth Industrial Revolution. Technological innovations and processes are evolving at an extraordinary rate and becoming increasingly interconnected.
Similar to the three industrial revolutions that came before it, ushering in the new industrial era, that at its roots combine the ability to adopt and integrate digital and physical technologies, poses numerous opportunities and challenges.